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Bulletin of Central and Eastern Europe: Competitiveness of Central and Eastern European countries, Ewa Mińska-Struzik

In the economic literature one may find about 400 different definitions of competitiveness and a countless number of related notions. There are several causes of such an abundance. Firstly, competitiveness is being considered on all levels of the economy – micro (enterprise level), meso (industry level), macro (of the total economy), as well as in the systemic approach. Secondly, it is derived from different economic theories. Thirdly, within the frames of each theoretical school, there are many researchers dealing with the issue of competitiveness.