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CEED Institute Report: A one-way ticket? Migration in Europe from the perspective of CEE countries

CEED Institute Report:  A one-way ticket? Migration in Europe from the perspective of CEE countries

Movements of workers from various member states within the European Union as well as immigration of third country nationals into the Community are among the majors topics in a discussion on the future of the European Union. It is highly important for this discussion to feature the arguments and positions formulated in CEE countries, and such is the aim of the next report of the CEED Institute on migrations. It analyses the most recent statistics illustrating emigration to other EU member states, and showing the scale of return migrations. Those statistics suggest that the scale of returns is on a rise, but emigration still prevails over returns, although only very slightly so. This is alarming, particularly if we set the present migration processes against the background of future demographic challenges.

It is extremely important that a large group of workers who undertake employment abroad do not want to stay there forever. Such a conclusion can be drawn from empirical research performed among Polish employment migrants. At the same time a majority of them is interested in extending employment for longer.

The significance of immigration increases in the context of migration processes taking place in CEE countries. Those states are increasingly attractive for immigrants, particularly in view of the situation of migrants in West European countries becoming ever more complicated. Although this process is slow, the growing stream of immigrants corroborates this attractiveness. However the index of the attractiveness of EU states for immigration developed just for this report has demonstrated that due to the still higher living standards in a majority of West European countries the latter will continue to receive a majority of immigrants. Still it does matter that the European Union can no longer unequivocally be divided onto the “old”, more attractive for immigrants, group of fifteen member states, and the “„new” one composed of the member states that lag much behind in this respect. It must be assumed that in the coming years the picture will not be so unidimensional anymore.

On the basis of an analysis of the migration processes taking place within the recent decade, the authors have also come up with four scenarios outlining situation development in near and far future. Those scenarios are both a warning and a forecast. It is central to initiate such political and economic measures that will prevent materialisation of the most negative scenario for the states of the region and help reverse the current trends, thus allowing CEE states to take better advantage - than they have taken so far - of the migration to foster their development.

CEED Institute Report A one-way ticket Migration in Europe from the perspective of CEE.pdf